Skip to main content

NetBox

Support level: Community

What is NetBox

NetBox is the leading solution for modeling and documenting modern networks.

-- https://github.com/netbox-community/netbox

Preparation

The following placeholders will be used:

  • netbox.company is the FQDN of the NetBox install.
  • authentik.company is the FQDN of the authentik install.

Create an application in authentik and note the slug you choose, as this will be used later. In the Admin Interface, go to Applications -> Providers. Create a OAuth2/OpenID provider with the following parameters:

  • Client Type: Confidential
  • Redirect URIs: https://netbox.company/oauth/complete/oidc/
  • Scopes: OpenID, Email and Profile
  • Signing Key: Select any available key

Note the Client ID and Client Secret values. Create an application, using the provider you've created above.

NetBox

info

This setup was tested and developed with NetBox Docker. For a non-Docker installation, the Docker part must be disabled and the non-docker part must be used.

The following Docker env vars are required for the configuration.

# Enable python-social-auth
REMOTE_AUTH_ENABLED='true'
REMOTE_AUTH_BACKEND='social_core.backends.open_id_connect.OpenIdConnectAuth'

# python-social-auth config
SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_ENDPOINT='https://authentik.company/application/o/<Application slug>/'
SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_KEY='<Client ID>'
SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_SECRET='<Client Secret>'
LOGOUT_REDIRECT_URL='https://authentik.company/application/o/<Application slug>/end-session/'

The Netbox configuration needs to be extended, for this you can create a new file in the configuration folder, for example authentik.py.

from os import environ

#############
# Docker
#############

# python-social-auth configuration
SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_ENDPOINT = environ.get('SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_ENDPOINT')
SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_KEY = environ.get('SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_KEY')
SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_SECRET = environ.get('SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_SECRET')
LOGOUT_REDIRECT_URL = environ.get('LOGOUT_REDIRECT_URL')


#############
# non Docker
#############

# NetBox settings
#REMOTE_AUTH_ENABLED = True
#REMOTE_AUTH_BACKEND = 'social_core.backends.open_id_connect.OpenIdConnectAuth'

# python-social-auth configuration
#SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_ENDPOINT = 'https://authentik.company/application/o/<Application
#SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_KEY = '<Client ID>'
#SOCIAL_AUTH_OIDC_SECRET = '<Client Secret>'
#LOGOUT_REDIRECT_URL = 'https://authentik.company/application/o/<Application slug>/end-session/

Groups

To manage groups in NetBox custom social auth pipelines are required. To create them you have to create the custom_pipeline.py file in the NetBox directory with the following content.

from netbox.authentication import Group

class AuthFailed(Exception):
pass

def add_groups(response, user, backend, *args, **kwargs):
try:
groups = response['groups']
except KeyError:
pass

# Add all groups from oAuth token
for group in groups:
group, created = Group.objects.get_or_create(name=group)
group.users.add(user)

def remove_groups(response, user, backend, *args, **kwargs):
try:
groups = response['groups']
except KeyError:
# Remove all groups if no groups in oAuth token
user.groups.clear()
pass

# Get all groups of user
user_groups = [item.name for item in user.groups.all()]
# Get groups of user which are not part of oAuth token
delete_groups = list(set(user_groups) - set(groups))

# Delete non oAuth token groups
for delete_group in delete_groups:
group = Group.objects.get(name=delete_group)
group.users.remove(user)


def set_roles(response, user, backend, *args, **kwargs):
# Remove Roles temporary
user.is_superuser = False
user.is_staff = False
try:
groups = response['groups']
except KeyError:
# When no groups are set
# save the user without Roles
user.save()
pass

# Set roles is role (superuser or staff) is in groups
user.is_superuser = True if 'superusers' in groups else False
user.is_staff = True if 'staff' in groups else False
user.save()

The path of the file in the Official Docker image is: /opt/netbox/netbox/netbox/custom_pipeline.py

To enable the pipelines, add the pipelines section to the netbox configuration file from above

SOCIAL_AUTH_PIPELINE = (
###################
# Default pipelines
###################

# Get the information we can about the user and return it in a simple
# format to create the user instance later. In some cases the details are
# already part of the auth response from the provider, but sometimes this
# could hit a provider API.
'social_core.pipeline.social_auth.social_details',

# Get the social uid from whichever service we're authing thru. The uid is
# the unique identifier of the given user in the provider.
'social_core.pipeline.social_auth.social_uid',

# Verifies that the current auth process is valid within the current
# project, this is where emails and domains whitelists are applied (if
# defined).
'social_core.pipeline.social_auth.auth_allowed',

# Checks if the current social-account is already associated in the site.
'social_core.pipeline.social_auth.social_user',

# Make up a username for this person, appends a random string at the end if
# there's any collision.
'social_core.pipeline.user.get_username',

# Send a validation email to the user to verify its email address.
# Disabled by default.
# 'social_core.pipeline.mail.mail_validation',

# Associates the current social details with another user account with
# a similar email address. Disabled by default.
# 'social_core.pipeline.social_auth.associate_by_email',

# Create a user account if we haven't found one yet.
'social_core.pipeline.user.create_user',

# Create the record that associates the social account with the user.
'social_core.pipeline.social_auth.associate_user',

# Populate the extra_data field in the social record with the values
# specified by settings (and the default ones like access_token, etc).
'social_core.pipeline.social_auth.load_extra_data',

# Update the user record with any changed info from the auth service.
'social_core.pipeline.user.user_details',


###################
# Custom pipelines
###################
# Set authentik Groups
'netbox.custom_pipeline.add_groups',
'netbox.custom_pipeline.remove_groups',
# Set Roles
'netbox.custom_pipeline.set_roles'
)

Roles

In netbox, there are two special user roles superuser and staff. To set them, add your users to the superusers or staff group in authentik.

To use custom group names, the following scope mapping example can be used. In the example, the group netbox_admins is used for the superusers and the group netbox_staff for the staff users.

Name: Netbox roles Scope name: roles

Expression:

return {
"groups": ["superusers" if group.name == "netbox_admin" else "staff" if group.name == "netbox_staff" else group.name for group in request.user.ak_groups.all()],
}

This scope mapping must also be selected in the OAuth2/OpenID Provider created above.